Paramedics here responded to twice as many overdose calls in 2020 as they did in 2019. The above is a staged photo showing the kind of work paramedics perform in the field. (Photo courtesy BC Emergency Health Services)

Paramedics here responded to twice as many overdose calls in 2020 as they did in 2019. The above is a staged photo showing the kind of work paramedics perform in the field. (Photo courtesy BC Emergency Health Services)

Drug overdose calls climb in Houston

Increase among the highest in the province

Overdose calls responded to here by the provincial ambulance service doubled last year compared to 2019.

While paradmedics were called out to 11 overdose calls in 2019, the number climbed to 22 in 2020.

By percentage increase in overdose calls, Houston ranked fifth in the province at a 100 per cent increase behind Terrace where the number of calls increased from 98 to 208 for 112 per cent jump, Sechelt also at 112 per cent, Keremeos at 167 per cent and Fort Nelson at 233 per cent.

There were 7 overdose calls here in 2016, 17 in 2017 and nine in 2018.

Patient outcomes aren’t tracked following a response of an overdose but most are taken to a health care facility, said Shannon Miller from BC Emergency Health Services (BCEHS) which is responsible for the provincial ambulance service.

“We do know BCEHS paramedics and medical emergency call takers have saved the lives of many overdose patients. When BCEHS paramedics respond to a potential overdose patient, the patient has a 95 per cent chance of survival,” she said.

Province-wide, there were 27,067 overdose calls in 2020, a 12 per cent increase over 2019’s call volume of 24,166.

The bulk of calls were in the Lower Mainland and southern Vancouver Island, but the number of calls in those areas has remained relatively consistent in recent years. Calls in Vancouver actually decreased 5 per cent in 2020.

As the number of calls increases, overdoses are also becoming more complex and difficult to treat, according to a BCEHS statement, because drug toxicity is increasing.

“With the current drug toxicity, overdoses require multiple doses of Naloxone and the patient often has breathing and neurological complications,” the statement said.

Northern Health recently issued a warning about contaminated illicit benzodiazepines circulating in northern B.C.

Benzodiazepines (such as Xanax and Ativan) are a class of medications that slow down activity in the human brain and they are typically prescribed by doctors as an anti-anxiety medication. Benzodiazepines come with a high risk of addiction and abuse and they can be very dangerous when mixed with other drugs such as alcohol.

Northern Health’s warning noted that people who overdose on a combination of benziodazepines and opioids can be particularly difficult to resuscitate and slow to respond to naloxone.

People who do use drugs alone are encouraged to use an app called LifeGuard which is activated by a user before they take their dose. After 50 seconds the app will sound an alarm. If the user doesn’t hit a button to stop the alarm, indicating they are fine, the alarm grows louder. After 75 seconds a text-to-voice call will go straight to 9-1-1, alerting emergency medical dispatchers of a potential overdose.

–With files from Jake Wray

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